Reflections of Native American Teacher Education on Bear Ridge

Steven Locke

Abstract


This study examines an elementary teacher education certification program delivered by a state university to Native American teacher aides on the reservation. Data were collected over two semesters using a Freirean critical theory framework to analyze the data and to explicate the problematic nature of Native American education. Analysis of the data indicated that the program reproduced Euro-American cultural values, was insensitive to Native American history or values, and did little to support individual teachers. Suggestions include the need for the program to acknowledge and address the historical cultural genocide that occurred in the education of Native Americans and the cultural and political hegemony of the teacher education program. More focus needed to be placed on supporting individual participants and their academic and cultural struggles in becoming teachers.

References


Bryant, C.J. (1999). Building a sense of community among young students with student-centered activities. The Social Studies, 90, 110-112.

Butterfield, R. (1994). Blueprints for Indian Education: Improving mainstream schooling. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 372 898).

Cotton, K. (1994). Fostering intercultural harmony in schools: Research findings (Topical Synthesis No.7). Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

Cresswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. NY: Macmillan.

Engle, S. & Ochoa, A (1988). Education for democratic citizenship. NY: Teachers College Press.

Friere, P. (1993). Pedagogy of the oppressed. NY: Continuum.

Gibson A.M. (1978). The Oklahoma story. Norman, OK: Oklahoma University Press.

Giroux, H.A. (1983). Theory and resistance in education: A pedagogy for the opposition. South Hadley, MA: Bergin & Garvey.

Goodman, D. D. (1993). Using the Freirian model to develop and ethnically sensitive sexuality education curriculum for an American Indian group. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association in Atlanta, GA.

Grant, A. & Gillespie, L. (1993). Joining the circle: A practitioners' guide to responsive education for Native Students. Charleston, WV: (ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools No. ED 360 117).

Guba, E. G., & Lincoln, Y. S., (1994). Competing paradigms in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 105-117). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Gunzuk, M. (1997). Diversifying the teaching force: Preparing paraeducators as teachers. Charleston, WV: (ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools No. ED 406 362).

Hyle, A.E. (1992). Barriers to Change: Reflections on an Experience. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Education Research Association San Francisco, CA.

Josephy, Jr., A. (1991). The Indian heritage of America. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.

Loewen, J. W. (1995). Lies my teacher told me: Everything your American history textbook got wrong. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Martin, Jr. B. & Archambault, J. (1987). Knots on a counting rope. NY: Henry Holt.

McLaren, P. (1999). A pedagogy of possibility: Reflecting upon Paulo Freire’s politics of education. Educational Researcher, 28, 49-54.

Minner, S. (1995). Lessons learned from school-based teacher preparation programs. Teacher Educator, 31, 56-67.

National Council For The Social Studies. (1994). Curriculum standards for social studies. Washington D.C: NCSS Publications.

Nieto, S. (1996). Affirming diversity. White Plains, NY: Longman.

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research & evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Pavel, D.M. (1999). American Indians and Alaska Natives in higher education: Promoting access and achievement. In K.G. Swisher & J.W. Tipperconnic III (eds.). Next steps: Research and practice to advance Indiana education. Charleston, WV: (ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools No. ED 425 895).

Pavel, D.M. & Colby, AV. (1992). American Indians in higher education: The community college. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 351 047).

Polacco, P. (1988). The keeping quilt. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Reyhner, J. (1989). Changes in American Indian Education: A historical retrospective for educators in the United States. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 314 228).

Reyhner, J., Gabbard, D., & Lee, H. (1995). Inservice needs of rural reservation teachers. Rural Educator, 16, 10-15.

Roberts, A & Locke, S. (2001). Tending school: A forum on the Experiences of refugee and immigrant students in the United States System. Interchange, 32, 375-393.

Shaffir,W., & Stebbins, R. (1991). Experiencing qualitative fieldwork: An inside view of qualitative research. Newbury Park, CA: SAGE.

Stake, R. E. (1998). Case studies. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Strategies of qualitative inquiry (pp. 86-109). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

St. Germaine, R. (1995). Drop-out rates among American Indian and Alaska Native students: beyond cultural discontinuity. Charleston,WV: (ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools No. ED 388 492).

Swisher, K. & Deyle, D. (1987). Styles of learning and learning of styles: Educational conflicts for American Indian/Alaskan Native youth. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 8, 345-360.

Wright, B. (1992). American Indiana and Alaska Native higher education: Toward a new century of academic achievement and cultural integrity. In P. Cahape and C.B. Howley (eds.). Indian nations at risk: Listening to the people. Charleston, WV: (ERIC Clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools No. ED 339 588)

Whitfield, P.T. & Klug, B.J. (1998). Nurturing the seventh generation: A three-year ethnographic study of Native Americans who would be teachers. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association: San Diego.

Wink, J. (2000). Critical pedagogy: Notes from the real world. 2nd edition. Longman: NY.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Publication of the National Rural Education Association - http://www.nrea.net

Report problems or questions about to the website to jshedd@library.msstate.edu