Rural and Small School Principal Candidates: Perspectives of Hiring Superintendents

Patricia A. Cruzeiro, Mike Boone

Abstract


This article reports the results of an inquiry into the dynamics of principal selection in rural school districts in two mid-American states with high numbers of rural schools. The study focuses on two questions: (1) are rural school districts experiencing a shortage of qualified applicants for vacant principal’s positions; and (2) what professional and personal characteristics do superintendents seek in selecting principals for rural schools? Data for the study were collected through a review of the relevant research literature and interviews with superintendents of rural school districts. The study confirmed that rural school districts in these two states are in fact not experiencing a shortage of qualified principal applicants and delineates specific professional and personal characteristics superintendents seek in the principals who lead rural schools.

References


Adams, J. P. (1999). Good principals, good schools. Thrust for Educational Leadership, 29(1), 8-11.

Cooley, V. E., & Shen, J. (1999). Who will lead: The top 10 factors that influence teachers moving into administration. NASSP Bulletin, 83(606), 75-80.

Cooley, V. E., & Shen, J. (2000). Factors influencing applying for urban principalship. Education and Urban Society, 32(4), 443-454.

Duncan, C. (1999). Worlds apart: Why poverty persists in rural America. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Educational Research Services. (1998). Is there a shortage of qualified candidates for openings in the principalship? Arlington, VA: Author.

Educational Research Services. (2000). The principal keystone of a high-achieving school: Attracting and keeping the leaders we need. Arlington, VA: Author.

Fenwick, L. T., & Pierce, M. C. (2001). The principal shortage: Crisis or opportunity? Principal, 80(4), 25-32.

Fink, D. & Brayman, C. (2006). School leadership succession and the challenges of change. Educational Administration Quarterly, 42(1), 62-89.

Gay, R. L. (1996). Educational research: Competencies for analysis and application (5th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Hammond, J., Muffs, M., & Sciascia, S. (2001). The leadership crisis: Is it for real? Principal, 81(2), 28-32.

Hardy, L. (2005). A place apart. American School Board Journal, 192(4), 18-23.

Howley, A., Andrianaivo, S., & Perry, J. (2005). The pain outweighs the gain: Why teachers don’t want to become principals. Teachers College Record, 107(4), 757-782.

Jordan, D. W., McCauley, H. S., & Comeaux, J. B. (1998). The supply and demand of public school principals and administrators in Southwestern Louisiana:1993-1997. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 375 525.

McGhee, M., & Nelson, S. (2005). Sacrificing leaders, villanizing leadership: How Educational accountability policies impair school leadership. PhiDelta Kappan, 86(5), 367-372.

Malone, B. G., Sharp, W., & Thompson, J. C. Jr., (2000). The Indiana principalship: Perceptions of principals, aspiring principals, and superintendents. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwestern Educational Research Association, Chicago, Ill. ERIC Document Reproduction Service 447 076.

Matthews, L. J., & Crow, G. M. (2003). Being and becoming a principal: Role conceptions for contemporary principals and assistant principals. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

National Association of Elementary School Principals (NAESP). (2000). Is there a shortage of qualified candidates for openings in the principalship? An exploratory study. Retrieved October 17, 2005 from http://www.naesp.ort/misc/shortage.htm

No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001, Pub. L. No. 107-110, 115 Stat. 1425 (2002, January 8). Retrieved from: http://www.ed.gov/policy/elsec/leg/esea02/index.html.

Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research & evaluation methods (Third Edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Pounder, D. G., & Merrill, R. J. (2001). Lost luster. School Administrator, 58, 18-22.

Quinn, T. (2002). Succession planning. The National Association of Secondary School Principals. Retrieved from http://www.nassp.org

Roza, M., Celio, M. B., Harvey, J., & Wishon, S. (2003). A matter of definition: Is there truly a shortage of school principals? Seattle, WA: University of Washington.

State Board for Educator Certification: Rules for Certification. Retrieved September 23, 2005 from http://www.tea.state.tx.us/perfreport/snapshot/2003/co

mmtype.html

Wendel, F. C. (1994). Supply and demand of school administrators in Nebraska. Nebraska Council of School Administrators and the Department of Educational Administration at the University of Nebraska at Lincoln. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 367 064.

Wendel, F. C. (1999). A study of supply and demand of school administrators in Nebraska. NebraskaCouncil of School Administrators and the Nebraska Association of School Boards. Lincoln, NE.

Whitaker, K. (2001). Where are the principal candidates? Perceptions of superintendents. NASSP Bulletin, 85(625), 82-92.

Winter, P. A., Rinehart, J. S., & Munoz, M. A. (2001). Principal certified personnel: Do they want the job? Paper presented at the University Council for

Educational Administration, Cincinnati, OH. ERIC Document Reproduction Service 459 515.

Yerkes, D. M., & Guaglianone, C. L. (1998). Where have all the high school administrators gone? Thrust for Educational Leadership, 28(2), 10-24.

Young, M., Petersen, G., & Short, P. (2002). The complexity of substantive reform: A call for interdependence among all stakeholders. Educational Administration Quarterly, 38(2), 137-175.


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Publication of the National Rural Education Association - http://www.nrea.net

Report problems or questions about to the website to jshedd@library.msstate.edu